Fatigue and cramps when you walk, pain in extremities means peripheral artery disease, PAD. The American heart association said this if untreated, might make more issues. Cop with the signs and talk with your doctor too.
The AHA said this issue makes narrow periphery arteries in belly, legs, arms, head. It is most common in legs. PAD is due to atherosclerosis and this blocks arteries. Those with PAD have more risk of stroke and attack.
Hypertension, smoking, cholesterol, overweight, no activity and diabetes.
SIGNS OF PAD
- Leg pain after workout and stops with rest
- One body part cooler than the other
- Slow healing wounds
- Shiny skin
- Loss of hair on legs
- Less pulse in legs
This is normal with new vessels around blockages.
Often PAD is misdiagnosed and doctors check for more details. This can be done with ankle-brachial index comparing pressure in feet with upper arm pressure. Also doctors make imaging tests like CT scan, MRI, angiography for serious cases. This shows the location of the blockage.
PREVENTION AND TREATING
AHA said that PAD will focus on reducing signs to prevent more problems. Make lifestyle changes like:
- Healthy diet
- More workouts
- No smoking
- Meds for pressure and cholesterol taking
Treating PAD and prevention are different. To avoid PAD, workout and eat well, stop smoking, have normal cholesterol and pressure too.
A few patients need angioplasty for opening artery that is clogged and inserting a stent. This is not invasive as it sounds.